Conditions

Abnormal Pap Smear

A Pap smear or Pap test is conducted as part of a woman’s routine health examination. It is recommended for all sexually active women from the age of 18 years or after being sexually active for 2 years (whichever is later)It is not a diagnostic test, but is a screening tool used to detect any abnormal cells in the cervix, the lower part of the uterus that opens into the vagina.

A Pap smear helps in early detection of serious medical conditions such as cervical cancer.

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Abnormal Pap Smear
 

 

Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a common gynaecological problem affecting women of reproductive age. It occurs when the tissues of the uterus start growing on surfaces of other organs in the pelvis. Endometrium may grow on ovaries, fallopian tubes, outer surface of uterus, pelvic cavity lining, vagina, cervix, vulva, bladder or rectum. Patients may experience painful cramps in the lower abdomen, back or in the pelvis during menstruation, heavy menstrual bleeding, painful bowel movements or urination and infertility.

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Endometriosis
 

 

Contraception

Contraception, also known as birth control practice is prevention of pregnancy by interfering with the process of conception and implantation. Numerous methods of contraception are in practice and include barrier or hormonal methods, withdrawal, natural family planning, abstinence, and sterilization (surgery).

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Contraception
 

 

Fibroids

Uterine fibroids are non-cancerous (benign) tumours, commonly seen in women of childbearing age. Fibroids are composed of muscle cells and other tissues. They develop in and around the wall of the uterus or womb. Uterine fibroids are usually round or semi-round in shape.

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Fibroid
 

 

Infertility

The inability of women to conceive after a year of having unprotected sex (or after six months in womens over 35), or the inability of women to sustain pregnancy is known as infertility.

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Infertility
 

 

Pelvic Pain

The pelvic region is the area between the umbilicus (belly button) and the groin in the front and between the buttocks at the back. Pelvic area mainly consists of reproductive, urinary and digestive systems such as uterus, bladder and intestines.

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Pelvic Pain
 

 

Polyps

Uterine polyps are abnormal growths of tissue that grow out of the membrane lining of the uterus. Most polyps are noncancerous, while some may be malignant.

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Polyps
 

 

Menorrhagia

Menorrhagia is a condition characterized by abnormally heavy or extended menstrual bleeding. With menorrhagia, you may have excessive blood loss and pain that disturbs your normal activities.

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Menorrhagia
 

 

Menstrual Disorders

Menstrual disorders are a set of problems that affect a woman’s monthly menstrual cycle (monthly bleeding). They include no menstruation (amenorrhoea), light or irregular periods (oligomenorrhoea), heavy periods (menorrhagia) and painful periods (dysmenorrhoea).

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Menstrual Disorders
 

 

Ovarian Cyst

An ovarian cyst is a fluid filled sac or pouch which forms on the ovary. Ovarian cysts, in most cases are harmless and resolve on their own although some can be due to ovarian cancers. Ovarian cysts are common in women of childbearing age.

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Ovarian Cysts
 

 

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder as well one of the common causes of infertility among women. It is characterized by ovulation dysfunction or impedance to the normal growth and release of eggs from the ovaries. It is commonly seen in women of child bearing age and is rare after menopause. The hormonal imbalance results in enlarged ovaries containing several small cysts (fluid-filled sacs).

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PCOS
 

 

Post-menopausal Bleeding (PMB)

Bleeding after menopause, also known as post-menopausal bleeding (PMB), is a condition characterized by vaginal bleeding after 12 months of menopause. PMB is not pertinent to young women having amenorrhoea (absence of menstrual periods) due to anorexia nervosa or having a pregnancy followed by lactation. PMB may be related to those young women who are suffering from premature ovarian failure or premature menopause.

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Post-menopausal Bleeding (PMB)
 

 

Women's Health

Women have their own health issues due to a complex reproductive system that makes them unique from men. A variety of diseases such as heart attack, depression, anxiety, sexually transmitted diseases (STD), osteoarthritis, and urinary tract problems can affect women more severely than men. These problems necessitate them to visit their doctor in timely intervals in order to screen for various diseases. Screening tests can assess the risk for future illnesses and help in their early detection.

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Women's Health
 

 

Abnormal Uterine Bleeding

Abnormal uterine bleeding, also known as Dysfunctional uterine bleeding is irregular bleeding from the uterus other than normal periods. Uterus, also referred to as the womb, is where a baby grows inside their mother.

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Abnormal Uterine Bleeding
 

 

Menopause

Every woman goes through several changes in the way her body functions, which marks different stages in her life. With puberty, starts the menstrual cycle, where certain hormones control the monthly release of the egg and preparation for pregnancy. The termination of menstruation and fertility of women is known as menopause, and occurs 12 months after your last menstrual period, when you are in your late 40’s or early 50s.

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Menopause
 

 

Others

Is my Irregular Bleeding Normal?

Many women experience irregular bleeding at some time in their life. There are various causes of bleeding and many are often quite normal. Make sure to contact your gynaecologist if you experience a sudden change in the regularity of your periods and symptoms.

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Irregular Bleeding